Birds and their meaning in Nordic Folklore


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

Long before human beings had ever dreamed of entering the sky realm birds were considered to have otherworldly abilities letting them fly as messengers and communicators between heaven and earth. Birds became important as a way for humans to read signs from the spirit realm, and they were held in awe and even feared. Different birds communicated different warnings and auspicious messages.

The Raven


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

The raven is probably the bird with the most spiritual significance in the Nordic countries. The raven was Odin’s bird, or rather birds, he had two ravens, Hugin and Munin, who resided on his shoulders occasionally flying down to the earth realm to be Odin’s eyes on earth. The Norse people considered Raven feathers to be magical, they could among other things pick any lock, perhaps even the lock to someone’s heart.

Another Norse legend tells us of a small pebble that could be found in a raven’s nest, and if you could get hold of this pebble you could, by putting the pebble in our mouth, turn invisible. This pebble was especially sought after by warriors. But if you misused the pebble to do mischief you would be turned into an owl, the least auspicious birds according to the Norse belief, so it came with a fair warning to be used with extreme caution.

If two ravens were seen fighting while a wedding was taking place this warned of a bad marriage, and the wedding could be stopped. If a chieftain saw seven ravens fighting in the sky this meant that war was coming and he had to start preparing his warriors. These signs were taken seriously and followed, without question, by the Norsemen.

The Eagle


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

Another significant bird in the Norse symbolism was the eagle. The eagle in most cultures is a symbol of freedom and strength. To the Norsemen the eagle was even more significant. Odin, the king of gods, could turn himself into an eagle in order to fly to earth to drink the elixir of life that kept him immortal and forever young. So if you saw an eagle in the sky you could never really know if it really was Odin in disguise, and accordingly you were on your best behavior around eagles, trying to display honor, courage and bravery. The symbol of an eagle was therefor often used to inspire bravery in warriors.

The Cormorant


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

The Cormorant was, to the old Nordic people, the messenger between the “Folk of the Forest” and the humans. They brought warnings to people from the Folk, such as “danger is coming”, this the Cormorant demonstrated by unfolding their wings and holding them up in a protective gesture before the people the warning was meant for. This also gave them the status of being a protector. They could also warn the fishermen of bad fishing by flying against the boat when the men were on their way out to sea.

The Wood Grouse


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

The Wood Grouse was nicknamed the trollbird by the old Nordic people. The reason for this was that they thought the wood grouse actually was a troll woman turned into a bird. She was someone to be careful around because she could be unpredictable and moody, sometimes choosing to do good while other times she was full of mischief luring young men into the woods to seduce them and kidnap them. But if you found a feather of a wood grouse you were very lucky because it had healing properties, especially for “womanly” ailments.

The Swan


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

There is an old Norse legend that tells of the origin of the Nordic Lights. The legend states that there was a flock of seven swans who were too late to migrate and got stuck in the ice on a lake. Their frozen wings blazed over the sky and turned into beautiful green and blue lights. So whenever the Nordic Lights appeared on the sky it was the seven frozen swans fluttering their wings.

The Dipper


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

The Dipper is the Norwegian National bird, maybe because of its mystical past in the Norse culture. The Dipper, who spends most of its time on the ground near waterfalls, was in close contact with the underlings, the fey folk living underground. These underlings were considered to be hostile towards humans who tread on their homes, and the Dipper could plot with the underlings taking revenge of anyone who disturbed their nest or young ones. So the Dipper was a bird who were left alone and avoided at all cost.


Art by the Norwegian Fairytale artist Theodor Kittelsen.

As we can see, birds have a long and mystical history in the North. Most of it is now forgotten and just considered to be old superstition, but many people still swear by birds when it comes to telling the weather or whether or not the fishing is good. Birds do have a deep connection to nature and the elements, and can still be a valuable messengers and teachers when it comes to changes in nature. Besides, some claim that the symbolism around birds is still important today as it points to deeper truths about ourselves and about life.

What do you think?

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14 thoughts on “Birds and their meaning in Nordic Folklore

  1. Beautiful creatures our birds, they allow us to look up and appreciate their grace Trini ❤ 😀
    Now I just need to figure out why I have been sent a visitor on 3 occasions now…a black crow that has a pure white tail feather. I have never seen a crow as anything but black, and the message for the moment escapes me 😀 ❤
    And it is great that I finally have a couple of posts, the first in weeks. I have been blocked from many things recently, I had a little adventure to attend to 😀 ❤

    • Interesting! The crow is considered to be a very intelligent bird, and the old Norse people thought it brought news from the Fey People. A white feather should be considered lucky. So I think it is a good omen 😊👍🏻.

      • Yayyy! I’m being blessed from the Fey, I must send loving energy in appreciation ❤ 😀
        And it is a blessing to hear from you also kind lady, I have been lost to my technology for a while as I ventured into another world myself ❤

    • Thank you Sue! Me too! 😊😊. You also have a lovely week! And I am so sorry about that comment on your blog accusing you of having copied from someone else. I don’t think anyone really believe that Sue! All your regular readers know you and your beautiful authenticity. Don’t even worry about it! 💖

      • I had never even been to her blog Trini until she visited.. And to say I had pinched her blog title with the use of the word ‘Puzzle’ in my post title and jigsaw analogy.. well words failed me. I have let it go and see how silly the lady really is… But it did wound I admit when I first read her words..

      • Yeah, I know the feeling. You get shocked at first, but then you realize how incredibly silly it is, and you almost find it funny how some people can behave. Now you are better armed if it should happen again. Whenever I get comments that are just too silly to care about I just don’t publish them. ☺️☺️

  2. Fascinating post, Trini. Native Americans likewise had beliefs around birds, eagles being their most powerful totem. I was honored today to see an eagle fly overhead on my walk. A good omen!

    • Cool! Yeah, I have read a lot about Native Americans and eagles. Eagle is not my favorite bird, but they sure are majestic! Unfortunately here in India they are annoying scavengers you see flying over dumpsters every day. Takes away some of that majesty. But when you see them in Norway, especially the Sea Eagle, it is definitely special! 😃😃

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